- How Accurate Are Kayak Weight Limits?
- How To Determine A Kayak’s True Weight Capacity
- What Does Advertised Weight Capacity Really Mean?
- Average Weight Limits By Kayak Type
- How To Estimate The Weight Of Your Kayaking Equipment
- Are There Ways To Increase A Kayak’s Weight Capacity?
- What Happens If You Overload A Kayak?
- Final Thoughts
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Every kayak is designed for optimal performance based on a certain weight capacity.
Just like a truck, it may be possible to load your kayak down with more weight than it’s rated for, but it will certainly make your kayak perform below its maximum capabilities.
If you want to get the most out of your kayak, you’ll keep the amount of weight you load into it well below the rated capacity.
But how accurate are kayak weight limits and can they really be unconditionally trusted when you’re packing your kayaking for a camping trip?
We’re going to address this specific question with today’s guide, and we’ll also provide some general tips to help you pack your kayak more effectively.
Believe it or not, there’s an art to loading gear onto a kayak so that you can still paddle with minimal effort once you leave the shore.
Plus, the more effective you are when it comes to packing your kayak, the more gear you can fit and the longer trips you can take.
So if you’re interested in multi-day kayaking expeditions, you’ll love the tips and insights in this guide.
Let’s get to it!
How Accurate Are Kayak Weight Limits?
Kayak weight limits are meant to represent the absolute upper threshold for the amount of weight you should put in your kayak.
Most kayak manufacturers will advertise a weight capacity that really should not be exceeded for that specific kayak model.
In fact, the point at which the performance of a kayak begins to be compromised by too much weight is usually a bit lower than the manufacturer’s advertised weight capacity.
As a general rule, most experienced kayakers recommend using what we call the ‘25-Percent Rule’ to determine the actual upper limit for a given kayak.
Let’s provide an example calculation below.
How To Determine A Kayak’s True Weight Capacity
The reality is that a kayak’s advertised weight capacity will usually be slightly higher than what we like to call its true weight capacity.
So here’s how to calculate a kayak’s true capacity based on what the manufacturer advertises:
Find The Advertised Capacity
For starters, find the maximum weight capacity advertised by the kayak’s original manufacturer.
If you’re doing your research on Amazon or another third-party seller, you may have to go to the manufacturer’s actual website to find this capacity.
In some cases, manufacturers don’t make this information as readily available as it should be.
But you can also peruse kayak forums and user reviews to find useful insights into a kayak’s advertised weight capacity.
Multiply By 0.25
From there, you’re going to multiply that advertised capacity by 0.25.
Some experienced kayakers recommend using a number as high as 50 percent (0.5) for this calculation, but 0.25 is the agreed-upon minimum for re-calculating a kayak’s maximum weight limit.
For example, let’s say the kayak in question has a maximum advertised weight capacity of 400 pounds.
When we multiply by 0.25, our result is 100 pounds and we’ll use that number for the next part of our calculation.
Subtract Your Answer From Advertised Capacity
Now we’re going to subtract our resulting number from the original advertised weight capacity for our kayak.
In our example above, we would subtract 100 from 400 to get a true weight limit of 300 pounds for our kayak in question.
Use This Calculation For Practical Kayak Loading
This new number is our practical weight capacity for our kayak, but we should remember that number includes our body weight as well as the total combined weight of all the gear and supplies that we like to bring kayaking on any given occasion.
Just to put it all together in one convenient section, here’s an example of how to calculate your kayak’s true weight capacity:
Advertised Weight Capacity = 400 pounds
True Weight Capacity Calculation 400 x 0.25 = 100
400 pounds – 100 = 300 pounds
True Weight Capacity = 300 pounds
What Does Advertised Weight Capacity Really Mean?
A kayak’s advertised weight capacity can be slightly misleading if you’re new to the sport.
As beginners, our natural tendency is to use our body weight when we’re shopping for a kayak that we can trust to provide enough flotation for our paddling needs.
But you should be aware that manufacturers expect that you’ll be carrying more than just your body weight on your kayak.
Whether it’s just the extra weight of one of the best kayak paddles, a water bottle, and a small kayak cooler with snacks, you’ll almost always be carrying more than just your body weight when you go kayaking.
So it’s important that you know that just because a kayak has an advertised weight capacity of 400 pounds doesn’t mean a 400-pound person can paddle it safely and effectively.
Because any safe and responsible paddler should be loading a small collection of essential kayaking emergency equipment on their vessel before each paddling expedition.
Average Weight Limits By Kayak Type
To help you decide which type of kayak is best for you and your paddling style, let’s briefly discuss the average weight limits for different types of kayaks.
Please keep in mind that these numbers are averages and it’s certainly possible for you to find specific kayak types with higher or lower weight limits than what we’ll highlight here.
Recreational kayaks are usually the most basic models you can find on the market and they’re not meant for you to carry a whole lot of extra gear.
As a result, these kayaks typically boast average weight limits between 250 and 300 pounds.
Touring kayaks are designed for single paddlers that want to cover long distances and sometimes want the option of bringing a light camping setup along with them.
As a result, the average weight limit for this style of kayak is between 300 and 350 pounds.
Because they are built for you to load all of the essential kayaking fishing equipment that you’ll need for a full day on the water, fishing kayaks typically boast average weight limits between 350 and 400 pounds.
But it’s quite easy to find models with much higher weight capacities as well.
It might be surprising, but some of the best inflatable kayaks on the market these days actually boast relatively high weight limits compared to other types of kayaks.
On average, inflatable kayaks can hold between 400 and 750 pounds.
This style of kayak is built for two (or sometimes three) paddlers and often boasts the highest advertised weight limit you’ll find on the market.
On average, these kayaks are rated to hold anywhere between 500 and 600 pounds.
How To Estimate The Weight Of Your Kayaking Equipment
To really know the precise weight limit you require when you’re shopping for a new kayak, you’ll need to estimate the total combined weight of all of your kayaking equipment.
And, to be honest, the type of gear you bring on your kayak will usually change with the seasons and the weather forecast.
As you gain experience with the sport of kayaking, you’ll probably wind up with a few large storage bins at home to house all of your kayaking gear.
From drysuits and dry bags to float bags and outriggers, there are quite a few accessories you might add to your kayak as you gain experience and knowledge of your preferred paddling style.
That being said, you should make a general estimate of the weight you’ll bring on your kayak for the average adventure before you purchase a new kayak.
One of the simplest ways to do this is to buy the same type of hanging scale that a lot of backpackers use to measure the weights of their packs before embarking on a long-distance hike.
In fact, if you have a backpacking pack, you can start by measuring its base weight and then loading it down with all of the gear you bring on a typical kayak trip.
Then you can weigh it again and simply subtract your pack’s base weight from the final total you get once it’s loaded down.
If you don’t have a backpacking pack, any sort of duffel bag will do the trick just the same.
And if you’re really in a pinch, you can even load all of your kayaking gear into several leftover grocery bags, weigh them individually, and then add up your totals to know how much gear weight you typically bring when you go paddling.
Are There Ways To Increase A Kayak’s Weight Capacity?
In our opinion, it’s always better to buy a new kayak with a higher weight capacity than to perform serious alterations to your existing kayak.
But the good news is that there are several ways that you can increase your kayak’s weight capacity (or at least make it more stable when it’s fully loaded down).
Not all of these things require serious kayak alterations, but we’re only going to provide brief tips here.
For a more complete list of suggestions, check out our full article on how to increase the weight capacity of your kayak.
1. Add Float Bags
Kayak float bags are typically used in some of the best whitewater kayaks because these kayaks often rely on extra flotation to be able to safely run Class III, IV, and V whitewater rapids.
But float bags can also be applied to other types of kayaks to slightly increase their weight capacity.
The only problem with this technique is that it’s hard to estimate just how much additional weight capacity you’ll be adding to your kayak.
There’s no true rating system that says each of these float bags will allow you to carry an additional X pounds of gear or body weight.
So, you’ll kind of be winging it when it comes to how much additional weight you can add to your kayak once you inflate and install these float bags.
Plus, they’ll take up additional space in your kayak that you might typically use for safety gear or fishing equipment.
2. Install Outriggers
To be honest, installing a quality set of kayak outriggers won’t actually increase the weight capacity of your kayak itself.
What they will do, however, is make your kayak feel more stable when it’s loaded down close to its maximum capacity.
These outriggers are also fun kayak accessories for adding a platform that will allow you to more comfortably enjoy kayaking with your dog.
But they do have a few disadvantages that you should be aware of as well.
As you might imagine, your kayak will be a lot less efficient when it has one or two bulky outriggers sticking out from it.
This is why this isn’t the best option for touring kayaks that are designed to cover long distances in the shortest amount of time possible.
They can also get in the way of your paddling stroke or your fishing line when you’re trying to reel in a record-breaking catch.
This is why you’ll seldom see outriggers installed on the best fishing kayaks.
What Happens If You Overload A Kayak?
If you do decide to overload your kayak, the good news is that it shouldn’t immediately sink or capsize.
But it most certainly will sit much lower in the water than is recommended, which will increase the likelihood of it sinking or capsizing while you’re paddling.
A kayak that sits too low in the water will inherently be less stable than a kayak that sits up higher.
Finding that perfect balance between a kayak that sits too high and too low in the water will help you maximize the performance of your specific kayak.
Unfortunately, that balance will be different depending on the type of kayak you’re working with.
And the consequences of overloading a kayak will also differ depending on whether you’re paddling a sit-on-top or sit-inside kayak.
Overloading A Sit-on-Top Kayak
To be clear, sit-on-top kayaks will become swamped if they are overloaded, but they will rarely actually sink unless the integrity of the hull is somehow compromised.
This is one of the major advantages of this style of kayak.
But, you need to remember that sit-on-top kayaks naturally have scupper holes through the hull that allow them to shed the water that enters the cockpit over the gunwales.
If you overload a sit-on-top kayak, however, you’ll wind up sitting so low that the scupper holes will allow water to fill the entire cockpit and effectively swamp your kayak.
Of course, you can use scupper plugs to reduce the chances of this occurring if you know you’re going to load your kayak down close to its advertised weight capacity.
But, again, you’re better off finding a kayak with a higher advertised weight limit from the start.
Overloading A Sit-Inside Kayak
Overloading a sit-inside kayak can have more serious consequences because this style of kayak doesn’t naturally shed water that gets into the cockpit.
Instead, you’ll need to rely on a bilge pump to evacuate any water that does enter the cockpit.
The problem with overloading a sit-inside kayak is that you’re flirting with the possibility of sinking your entire kayak.
This type of kayak should naturally sit six to eight inches above the waterline when you’re sitting in it.
When you’re sitting much lower in the water, the possibility of waves and other splashing water entering the cockpit greatly increases.
And as more and more water enters the cockpit, your kayak will continue to sit lower and lower in the water.
In the worst-case scenario, you’ll eventually reach a tipping point at which the upper edges of your kayak’s cockpit become even with the waterline.
From here, the cockpit will begin to fill much more rapidly and your kayak will be well on its way to sinking unless you take dramatic action.
To illustrate this effect, consider holding the bottom of a plastic cup in a bathtub full of water.
Slowly pull the cup down until the rim is even with the water level and hold it there.
At this level, the occasional ripple will cause small amounts of water to cascade over the rim and into the cup.
If you use your other hand to create waves in the tub, larger ripples will fill the cup with more and more water until it sinks below the surface and fills up completely.
Unless you’re careful, this same thing can happen to your sit-inside kayak, which is why overloading it is never recommended.
It’s especially dangerous if you know you’ll be paddling in any sort of adverse wind or weather conditions.
A kayak’s performance is only as good as the kayaker’s ability to maximize it.
That’s why it’s so important that you avoid overloading your kayak and you also learn how to pack it so that all the weight is as evenly distributed as possible.
If you’re new to kayaking and you’re still deciding which kayak is right for your needs, just know that it’s never a good idea to buy a kayak with a weight capacity that you already know is slightly low for your paddling needs.
It’s much more difficult to increase a kayak’s weight capacity than to learn how to navigate a kayak that’s slightly large for your current skill set.
Plus, taking courses that will teach you how to effectively use techniques like the stern rudder and reverse sweep stroke is always a good idea.
Check out the American Canoe Association’s website to find kayaking courses in your area.
And, as always, we wish you only the safest and most enjoyable of kayaking experiences in the year to come!